Business and Project Case Studies

15 case studies of cross-sector infrastructure sharing projects throughout the globe

This section sets out 15 examples of cross-sector infrastructure sharing projects throughout the globe.

  1. Lesotho Electricity Company (LEC): LEC adopted a business model of leasing dark fiber installed in its transmission grid and hosting third-party fiber optic cable installed on utility poles used in its distribution system.
  2. RailTel Corporation of India Ltd.: This case study focuses on the history of and context for the establishment by Indian Railways of RailTel as a separate entity for the commercialization of telecommunications assets deployed along rights of way of Indian Railways and highlights RailTel’s commercial success with cross-sector infrastructure sharing in India.
  3. CEC Liquid Telecom: This case study focuses on CEC’s experience as an electricity transmission and distribution company entering into a telecommunications business, Liquid Telecom’s entry into the Zambian telecommunications market, and the ensuing joint venture between the two companies to commercialize the telecommunications assets of CEC.
  4. Baltic Optical Network (BON): This case study examines the structure and formation of the BON, and provides detail on the Estonian portion of the BON, operated by Televõrgu Limited.
  5. Kennedy Interchange: This project is unusual in that two electrical utilities and several telecommunications utilities jointly constructed a duct bank in a road construction project and shared in the cost this construction.
  6. Bombay Gas: This case study examines Bombay Gas’ telecommunications, which utilizes piped gas infrastructure buried under Mumbai, India to lay fiber. The existing non-telecommunications passive infrastructure had not been used for its original purpose in decades.
  7. Electricity Supply Corporation of Malawi (ESCOM): This case study examines the decision of ESCOM to establish and operate a commercial telecommunication business. It highlights ESCOM’s decision to enter into a partnership with a Globe Internet, a Malawi ISP.
  8. Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (Adif): This case study examines the dark fiber business of Adif and its recent agreement with Red Eléctrica de España (REE) to manage its network.
  9. Tokyo Metropolitan: This case study examines the Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s communications business. It focuses on the history and the context for the establishment by its Bureau of Sewerage of an optical fiber network throughout Tokyo, Japan and commercialization of excess capacity and excess space in existing fluid conduits.
  10. Ghana’s Electricity Transmission Line Fiber: This case study examines the Government of Ghana’s interventions in the market for OPGW installed by the Volta River Authority (VRA) on its electric transmission lines.
  11. Tunisian Railways: This case study examines the decision of the Tunisian Railways (Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Tunisiens, SNCFT) to expand its traditional activity of managing the Tunisian railways network and become an alternative supplier of fiber optic infrastructure.
  12. SOGEM (Mali, Mauritania, Senegal): This case study examines the decision of Société de Gestion de l’Energie de Manantali (Society for the Management of the Energy of Manatali) (SOGEM) to commercialize unused capacity on OPGW installed on its electricity transmission network.
  13. Information Broadband Infrastructure System (SIIS): This case study examines the development in Poland of the SIIS, an electronic GIS mapping system that gathers and presents information on infrastructure deployment in the country.
  14. KOSTT: This case study examines the steps currently being taken by KOSTT j.s.c, Kosovo’s state-owned electricity transmission, system and market operator, to commercialize excess capacity on its OPGW network.
  15. Portugal’s Rapid Increase in Fiber Access: This case study examines the contributing factors that led to the rapid increase in access to fiber optic networks in Portugal beginning in 2009.



References and Resources:

1. Railtel Corporation of India Ltd., Milestone, http://www.railtelindia.com/profile/milestones.html (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

2. Khan, Danish, “Google, RailTel joins hands for one of the world’s largest Wi-Fi projects,” The Economic Times. September 28, 2015 http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-09-28/news/66957816_1_railwire-google-mumbai-central-station (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

3. Government of India, Department of Telecommunications, New Telecom Policy, 1999, http://www.trai.gov.in/about-us/acts-policies/new-telecom-policy-1999 (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

4. Government of India, Department of Telecommunications, Infrastructure Provider, http://www.dot.gov.in/infrastructure-provider (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

5. Central Vigilance Commission, Annual Report 2013 at viii, 2013, http://cvc.nic.in/ar2013.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

6. Energy Regulation Board, Energy Sector Report 2014, 2014 http://www.erb.org.zm/reports/EnergySectorReport2014.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

7. CEC (Copperbelt Energy Corporation), Milestones, http://cecinvestor.com/about-us/milestones/ (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

8. Liquid Telecom, About Us, http://liquidtelecom.com/about-us (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

9. Liquid Assets, “TBY talks to Andrew Kapula, Managing Director of Liquid Telecom on fiber-optic networks, increasing ICT efficiencies, and the growth of Zambian communications,” The Business Year, 2014 https://www.thebusinessyear.com/zambia-2014/liquid-assets/interview (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

10. Julia C Z Chaila, “Sens Announcement,” Investor disclosure, Lusaka, 2015, http://www.luse.co.zm/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/CEC-2014-Full-Year-Results-SENS.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

11. Shuller Habeenzu, “Research ICT Africa,” Zambia ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010, 2010 http://www.researchictafrica.net/publications/Policy_Paper_Series_Towards_Evidence-based_ICT_Policy_and_Regulation_-_Volume_2/Vol%202%20Paper%2017%20-%20Zambia%20ICT%20Sector%20Performance%20Review%202010.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

12. International Monetary Fund, Zambia: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, 2017, Washington, D.C. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2007/cr07276.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

13. Latvenergo, Structure, http://www.latvenergo.lv/eng/about_us/briefly_about/structure/ (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

14. Lietuvos Energija, About the Lietuvis Energija group, Energy Company Group, undated, http://www.le.lt/en/about-us/408 (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

15. Georgia Department of Transportation, About Georgia DOT, undated, http://www.dot.ga.gov/AboutGDOT (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

16. Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, http://www.mcgm.gov.in/irj/portal/anonymous?NavigationTarget=navurl://c4b79f15e55f98176905a7c2c7d910ee (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

17. ESCOM (Electricity Supply Corporation of Malawi), Generation Directorate, http://www.escom.mw/generation.php (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

18. Red Eléctrica de España, “Red Eléctrica acquires the rights to use and manage the fiber optic network owned by ADIF,” 2014, http://www.ree.es/en/press-office/press-release/2014/11/red-electrica-acquires-rights-use-and-manage-fibre-optic-network-owned-by-Adif (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

19. Red Eléctrica Corporación, Hacia la Red 21: Un modelo energético sostenible, Resultados 2014, Plan Estratégico 2014-2019

20. Collantes, Pau, “REE contrata a ADIF para que gestione la fibra óptica privatizada por la empresa pública,” El Diario, January 5, 2015 http://www.eldiario.es/economia/REE-contrata-Adif-gestione-privatizada_0_342616270.html (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

21. Bernad JL, “Letter to Spanish Securities Market Commission,” April 10, 2014, http://www.ree.es/sites/default/files/06_ACCIONISTAS/Documentos/Hechos%20relevantes/2014/ingles/100414_adquisicion_activos_ADIF_eng.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

22. Losana, Ana, “Telecommunications Act 9/2014 of 9 May: The five major changes,” Gómez-Acebo & Pombo Abogado, May 16, 2014, http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=d6735ebb-bd1e-422a-a84e-5f61bd388ff2

23. Volta River Authority, About Us, http://www.vra.com/about_us/index.php (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

24. GNA, “VOLTACOM to be Independent,” Modern Ghana, January 8, 2004, http://www.modernghana.com/news/47178/1/voltacom-to-be-independent.html (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

25. GRIDCo, Overview, http://www.gridcogh.com/en/about-us/overview.php (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

26. Eric Osiakwan, The Case for “Open Access” Communications Infrastructure in Africa: The SAT-3/WASC cable – Ghana case study at §5 (National backhaul infrastructure) (Association for Progressive Communications, May 16, 2008) https://www.apc.org/en/system/files/APC_SAT3Ghana_20080516.pdf (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

27. Vodafone Wholesale, Company Profile, http://wholesale.vodafone.com.gh/index.php/who-we-are/company-profile (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

28. Gelvanovska, Natalija. Rogy, Michel, Rossotto, Carlo Maria, Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa, Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access, Directions in Development Series, 2014, Washington, DC: World Bank: 39, https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/16680 (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

29. WAPP (West Africa Power Pool), Home, http://www.ecowapp.org/ (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

30. European Commission,The Act of 7 May 2010 on Supporting the Development of Telecommunications Services and Networks – Poland, Commissioners Report, Brussels, 2013

31. Republic of Poland, The Office of Electronic Communications, Report on the Coverage of the Republic of Poland with the Existing Telecommunications Infrastructure, Investment Projects Implemented in 2012 and Planned for 2013, as well as with Buildings Enabling Collocation, Communications Report, Warsaw, 2013

32. KOSTT, About KOSTT, http://www.kostt.com/website/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=150&Itemid=337&lang=en (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

33. Deloitte and World Bank, Technical Report on the Facilitation of Efficient Infrastructure Sharing in Kosovo, 2015

34. Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Economic Development, Electronic Communication Sector Policy – Digital Agenda for Kosovo: 2013-2020, Policy Report, Priština, 2013

35. PPIAF (Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility), “KOSOVO: Facilitation of Efficient Infrastructure Sharing for Kosovo,” The World Bank Group

36. “Portugal Telecom continues transformation as MEO brand replaces TMN,” European Communications, 28 January 2014, http://www.eurocomms.com/industry-news/9585-portugal-telecom-continues-transformation-as-meo-brand-replaces-tmn# (last visited 11 Feb 2017)

37. ANACOM Statistical Information: Internet Access Service - 2nd Quarter 2015. https://www.anacom.pt/streaming/IAS2quarter2015.pdf?contentId=1366618&field=ATTACHED_FILE (last visited 13 Feb 2017)