3

Gender Analysis

The chapter provides an analysis of barriers that may exclude women from accessing and using ICTs, and main opportunities to bridge existing gender gaps using planned ICT interventions. The chapter identifies key approaches which may be adopted by lawmakers, policymakers and regulators to remove the barriers.  The description of the barriers contain questions to guide TTLs about the relevance of the given barrier/opportunity to the current project context. These questions are not meant to be exhaustive, but to guide the TTL towards thinking along the appropriate lines. Guidance and relevant data sources on how to answer these questions are also provided. Each barrier links to possible targeted actions that may be undertaken to overcome the barrier. The links take you to Section 4 (Actions and M&E) where a more detailed explanation is provided.

Executive summary

The barriers and opportunities that the chapter analyses are listed below, along with a corresponding sub section number.
Section 3.1. Barrier 1: Infrastructure
Section 3.2. Barrier 2: Affordability
Section 3.3. Barrier 3: Time Constraints
Section 3.4. Barrier 4: Lack of Relevant Content
Section 3.5. Barrier 5: Lack of prior identification documents
Section 3.6. Barrier 6: Social norms driven barriers to access
Section 3.7. Barrier 7: Privacy, Security and Online Safety Concerns
Section 3.8. Barrier 8: Lack of financial inclusion
Section 3.9. Barrier 9: Gender Gap in Skill/ Education
Section 3.10. Barrier 10: Lack of trust in modern technology

Section 3.11. Barrier 11: Gender blind/ male centric environment for digital entrepreneurs
Section 3.12. Barrier 12: Lack of decision-making processes that promote women’s inclusion 
Section 3.13. Barrier 13: Lack of institutional capacity on gender
Section 3.14. Barrier 14: Lack of sex disaggregated data on ICT
Section 3.15. Barrier 15: Exercising Right to Information
Section 3.16. Barrier 16: Lack of awareness and capacity in IPR
Section 3.17. Opportunity 1: Effective gender budgeting
Section 3.18. Opportunity 2: Data for gender planning
Section 3.19. Opportunity 3: Gender sensitivity in PPP/PPI
Section 3.20. Opportunity 4: Providing additional source of income to women
Section 3.21. Opportunity 5: Ensure QoS indicators account for women’s differential usage
Section 3.22. Opportunity 6: Increasing representation of women in information security careers.

 

This section is organized into key barriers that may exclude women from accessing and using ICTs, and main opportunities to bridge existing gender gaps using planned ICT interventions. Each barrier or opportunity then breaks into a list of questions to guide TTLs about the relevance of the given barrier/opportunity to the current project context. These questions are not meant to be exhaustive, but to guide the TTL towards thinking along the appropriate lines. Guidance and relevant data sources on how to answer these questions are also provided. Each barrier links to possible targeted actions that may be undertaken to overcome the barrier. Similarly, targeted actions against opportunities indicate steps that may be taken to ensure that the potential for furthering gender equality is fulfilled. The links take you to Section 4 (Actions and M&E) where a more detailed explanation is provided. Links against each action in that chapter will enable you to return to the barrier/opportunity you are exploring.Read more